Protesting Your Assessed Value
Property owners who disagree with the assessor's estimate of the market value of their property should ask themselves, "Could I sell this property for that amount today?" If the answer is yes, then the value is probably correct. However, every property owner has the right to appeal an assessment. Remember that your protest and the information you use to support your appeal should be based on your property's actual value on the assessment date (January 1).
Property owners may appeal their initial assessments to the Hamilton County Board of Review by filing a written protest between April 2nd and April 30th of each year. If April 30th falls on a weekend, the deadline is extended to the following business day. The board meets annually in May to consider the protests. Petition forms to the board of review are available at the Hamilton County Assessor's office or by downloading the Petition to Local Board of Review Form. Black or blue ink is preferred for form completion and scanning.
The Assessor shall notify owners of a change in valuation by April 1st.
Property owners can request an informal review with an assessor from April 2 - April 25. If property owners reach an agreement with the Assessor during the informal review, they can avoid filing a protest with the Board of Review.
A property owner may protest an assessment for one or more of the following reasons:
- The assessment is not comparable to others with similar properties.
- The property is assessed at more than its actual value.
- The property is exempt from taxation.
- There is an error in the assessment.
- The assessment is fraudulent.
Formal Protest Steps:
- Find out What Your Current Assessment Is
File a Petition with the Board of Review
- Assessment Notices are mailed out before April 1 if there is a change in the value.
- Search the Assessor's web site for your property hamilton.iowaassessors.com
To begin the appeals process, you must file a written, signed protest with your Board of Review.
Be sure to request an oral hearing in your written protest/petition if you would like to speak to the Board or Review.
The protest will not be accepted unless it is signed.
It is very important to complete the bottom section of the form with your contact information including your mailing address where the notices will be sent and a daytime phone number where you can be reached by our office if there is a scheduling question.
- The Petition to the Local Board of Review Form is available online or available at the assessor’s office.
- Verify that you are using the appropriate form for the current session of appeal (Regular Session, Disaster County Regular Session, or Equalization Session).
- Dates and conditions of these petitions will be listed at the top of the form.
- Complete Form - You must specify the reason in your written petition.
- The top portion of the form asks for information to identify the property you are protesting.
- The Undersigned - enter your name.
- The following described real estate - enter the legal description of the property.
- The street address - enter the street address of the property.
- In the sum of - enter the current assessed value
- Grounds - Your protest must be based on a reason authorized by Iowa Law
- 1. The assessment is not equitable as compared to similar properties. This is the grounds to use if you think your assessment is out of line with your neighbors. You should list the neighbor's address and their assessment on the protest form. Using this reason may upset your neighbors. If you are successful in convincing the Board of Review your neighbors are under assessed compared to your assessment, the Board may resolve the inequity by raising their assessments, not lowering yours. Remember, the Board of Review must set assessments at market value.
- 2. The property is assessed for more than the value authorized by law. This is the most frequently used ground. It is claiming your property is not worth as much as the assessor says it is. There are two blanks, the amount of the over assessment and its actual value. However, you should do more than just claim what it’s worth; you should provide evidence that persuades the Board of Review your claim to value is correct. Any of the following would be good support for this petition claim:
- An appraisal: attach or provide a copy to the Board with your petition.
- A copy of a recent sales listing of your property.
- A copy of a sales agreement or evidence of a recent sale.
- A list of three to five sales of properties comparable to your property that indicate your property would not sell for the assessment.
- Pictures or inspection reports showing deficiencies that may not be obvious from an outside inspection, such as insect/animal damage or a problem basement wall/foundation.
- 3. The said property is not assessable, is exempt from taxes or misclassified. Please list the any reasons or include any documents to support your claim.
- 4. There is an error in the assessment. If the assessor's office has made a mistake in describing your property, use this reason for appeal. If for example you have removed your garage and it is still assessed, file on grounds #4. Please note that minor corrections may not reduce your value. Please list the error you feel needs to be corrected.
- 5. There is fraud or misconduct in the assessment. This claim should be clearly stated.
If you're protesting assessments for more than one parcel of property, you will need to complete a separate form for each parcel.
You must file (in person), email, or postmark (in the mail) your petition from April 2 to April 30 for it to be valid. (There's an extended period for disaster areas; you can check with your local officials to find out the deadline. Also, if April 30th falls on a weekend, you can file the following Monday.)
Special Equalization Session:
By law, in every odd-numbed year, local boards of review are to reconvene in a special equalization session if an equalization order is received that causes value to be increased. The special session is held from October 10th to November 15th to hear taxpayer protest resulting from the application of a final equalization order.
Taxpayers may file protests for a board of review special equalization session from October 9th through October 31st.
If the Iowa Department of Revenue does not issue an increase in value of any class of property, the board does not have to reconvene as no protests would be warranted.
The only ground for protesting during the special equalization session is that the application of the final equalization order will result in a value greater than the actual value of the property. No other grounds can be considered.
The Board of Review Hearing
The Board meets in May to consider assessment protests. It stays in session as needed to act on all the protests, but not past May 31st unless extended by statute. If you requested an oral hearing in your petition and appear before the Board to support your petition.
- You will receive written notice of your hearing date from Board of Review.
- The Board will send written notice of its decision and the reasons for its decision after the Board adjourns.
- If you're not happy with the Board of Review's decision, you can appeal to: The Property Assessment Appeal Board
The Property Assessment Appeal Board
The Property Assessment Appeal Board (PAAB for short) is a three-member panel that conducts hearings on property assessment appeals from throughout the State of Iowa. The PAAB has the authority to change the value or legal classification of property. Their goal is to set a fair and equitable value on all property that is appealed to them. The PAAB is a state board independent of the Department of Revenue and of the County Assessors.
Who can appeal?
A property owner, a taxpayer, or public officials dissatisfied with the decision of the local Board of Review.
What steps do I take to file an appeal?
- Before you can appeal to the PAAB, you must first protest your assessment to the local Board of Review. If you are dissatisfied with the decision of the local Board of Review, you may then appeal to the PAAB.
- The PAAB Notice of Appeal & Petition form must be filed with the Secretary of the Board of the PAAB in Des Moines. You may get a copy of the form by clicking on the link.
You may get a copy of the form by clicking on the link.
- The Notice of Appeal & Petition form must be postmarked to the PAAB office within 20 days of the postmarked date of the local Board of Review decision.
How and where do I file?
Notice of Appeal & Petition form can be filed by mail (PO Box 10486, Des Moines, Iowa 50306) or delivered in person to Secretary of the Board, Hoover State Office Building, 1305 E. Walnut 4th Floor, Des Moines, IA 50319 during normal business hours. Only Notice of Appeal & Petition forms with original signatures will be accepted.
Property Assessment Appeal Board web site
E-mail address: PAAB@iowa.gov
The District Court
This is the other method of appealing the BOR's decision (if you don't appeal to PAAB). The law doesn't require you to have an attorney to appeal to the District Court. However, to ensure that you meet all the Court's requirements and present your best case, you should consider seeking legal counsel if you appeal BOR's decision to the District Court. This section only gives the basics of the District Court process, so that you have a general idea of how the proceedings work.
- You begin by filing a written notice of appeal with the clerk of the District Court of the county in which BOR meets.
- After you file in the District Court, you must also file notice with the chairperson, presiding officer, or clerk of BOR.
- You must file your appeal within 20 days of when BOR adjourns, or May 31, whichever is later.
- As with PAAB, you cannot claim any new grounds for your appeal, but you can submit more evidence on the same grounds.
- Like PAAB, the District Court hears all questions relating to your assessment amount "anew" or "de novo." So, the Court considers all the evidence to make its own decision, and doesn't assume your original assessment was correct.